Localized APP expression results in progressive network dysfunction by disorganizing spike timing

Authors: Silvia Viana da Silva, Matthias G. Haberl, Kshitij Gaur, Rina Patel, Gautam Narayan, Max Ledakis, Maylin L. Fu, Miguel de Castro Vieira, Edward H. Koo, Jill K. Leutgeb, and Stefan Leutgeb
Project/s: B02

Progressive cognitive decline in Alzheimer’s disease could either be caused by a spreading molecular pathology or by an initially focal pathology that causes aberrant neuronal activity in a larger network. To distinguish between these possibilities, we generated a mouse model with expression of mutant human amyloid precursor protein (APP) in only hippocampal CA3 cells. We found that performance in a hippocampus-dependent memory task was impaired in young adult and aged mutant mice. In both age groups, we then recorded from the CA1 region, which receives inputs from APP-expressing CA3 cells. We observed that theta oscillation frequency in CA1 was reduced along with disrupted relative timing of principal cells. Highly localized pathology limited to the presynaptic CA3 cells is thus sufficient to cause aberrant firing patterns in postsynaptic neuronal networks, which indicates that disease progression is not only from spreading pathology but also mediated by progressively advancing physiological dysfunction.

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| Published: 2024
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